Question: How Does Osteogenesis Imperfecta Affect The Respiratory System?

How does osteogenesis imperfecta affect the cardiovascular system?

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary disease of connective tissue.

Patients have increased risk of heart failure.

Patients have increased risk of atrial fibrillation or flutter.

Patients have increased risk of aortic and mitral valvulopathies..

Does osteogenesis imperfecta affect the brain?

✓Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by disruption of normal collagen formation resulting in varying degrees of skeletal vulnerability, ligamentous laxity, and scleral discoloration. Children with OI may suffer from complex neurosurgical problems affecting the brain and spine.

Why does osteogenesis imperfecta cause hearing loss?

The etiology of sensorineural hearing loss in OI has not been definitively determined but may be a consequence of atrophy of the cochlear hair cells and the stria vascularis as well as from abnormal bone formation in the cochlea and surrounding structures [25].

Is Oi a disability?

Most people with OI experience physical disability. OI also can cause weak muscles, brittle teeth, a curved spine, and hearing loss. Most forms of OI are caused by abnormal genes that are passed down from one or both parents to their children. There are currently 11 types of OI.

What is Oi medical condition?

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited (genetic) bone disorder that is present at birth. It is also known as brittle bone disease. A child born with OI may have soft bones that break (fracture) easily, bones that are not formed normally, and other problems. Signs and symptoms may range from mild to severe.

Is Osteogenesis Imperfecta a type of dwarfism?

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) Type III is a dwarfism condition, with adults generally reaching a height of three feet, although profound short stature is often associated with the other three types as well.

Can you grow out of osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI is a childhood disorder; people grow out of it by their teens. FACT: OI is a genetic disorder that is present throughout a person’s lifetime. Many people with OI have fewer fractures after puberty when growth stops, but the genetic difference remains.

What is wrong with Byron the Baxter boy?

When you listen to 3-year-old Byron Baxter laugh and talk, you’d never know anything was wrong with him. But he was born with a rare condition called osteogenesis imperfecta, or brittle bone disease.

What body systems are affected by osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI is highly variable, and signs and symptoms range from mild to severe. In addition to broken bones, people with OI sometimes have muscle weakness or joint laxity (loose joints), and they often have skeletal malformations including short stature, scoliosis (curvature of the spine), and bowing of long bones.

Does osteogenesis imperfecta affect lifespan?

Most children born with type I OI live normal, healthy lives into adulthood. Less severe symptoms do not affect life expectancy. Most OI-related deaths result from respiratory failure due to weak lungs. The most severe types will result in death at birth or soon after.

Does osteogenesis imperfecta qualify for disability?

Although Type II Osteogenesis Imperfecta is one of the 88 conditions that qualifies a disability claim for processing under the Compassionate Allowances guidelines, that does not mean that your child’s claim will be automatically approved by the Social Security Administration.

Is Osteogenesis Imperfecta painful?

Conclusions: Pain is a common occurrence for children with OI and is both acute and chronic in nature, interfering with children’s daily living activities. OI pain may not be optimally treated because many children experienced moderate to severe pain despite use of analgesics and/or coping strategies.

What organs are affected by brittle bone disease?

Risk Factors for Osteogenesis imperfecta (Brittle bone disease) OI is actually a connective tissue disorder, resulting from the defective synthesis of a protein called collagen, which is a structual component of bones, tendons, eyes, organs and skin. OI is genetically inherited.

What is Dentinogenesis imperfecta?

Dentinogenesis imperfecta is a disorder of tooth development. This condition causes the teeth to be discolored (most often a blue-gray or yellow-brown color) and translucent. Teeth are also weaker than normal, making them prone to rapid wear, breakage, and loss.

How is OI diagnosed?

The diagnosis of OI is made on the basis of family history and/or clinical presentation. Frequent fractures, short stature, a blue hue to the white part of the eye (blue sclera), teeth problems (dentinogenesis imperfecta) and hearing loss that progresses after puberty may be present.

What is OI Type 3?

Osteogenesis imperfecta type III is a severe type of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI; see this term), a genetic disorder characterized by increased bone fragility, low bone mass and susceptibility to bone fractures.