Question: How Often Should Polio Vaccine Be Given?

Is one drop of polio vaccine enough?

OPV is the WHO-recommended vaccine for the global eradication of polio.

Each child requires just two drops per dose to be immunized against polio.

Usually administered four times if the EPI schedule is followed, OPV is safe and effective in providing protection against the paralyzing poliovirus..

Where did polio originally come from?

1894, first outbreak of polio in epidemic form in the U.S. occurs in Vermont, with 132 cases. 1908, Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper identify a virus as the cause of polio by transmitting the disease to a monkey.

When did they stop giving polio vaccinations?

OPV was recommended for use in the United States for almost 40 years, from 1963 until 2000. The results have been miraculous: Polio was eliminated from the United States in 1979 and from the Western Hemisphere in 1991. Since 2000, only IPV is recommended to prevent polio in the United States.

What if polio vaccine is missed?

A. Polio vaccines are of two kinds, oral and injectable. If injectable has been given but you have missed the oral, you can go to a hospital and give that one as well. Both are important and have to be given.

How long is polio vaccine good for?

The last dose in either series should be given after 4 years of age and at least 6 months after the previous dose.

How many polio drops in a year?

Polio immunization is a cost free service available at the Government health facilities for your child. Two polio drops are administered along with Routine Immunization at government health facilities and during NIDs/SNIDs for you and your child’s convenience.

Is it OK to have polio vaccine twice?

Yes. Getting an extra dose of vaccine when an immunization history is unknown is not harmful. It is better to ensure protection by getting the vaccine than risk leaving your child unprotected. You may be able to locate your child’s record if you have lost it.

What is the age limit for polio drops?

Therefore, the upper age for OPV is still 5 years, either for the first dose or for the ‘umpteenth’ dose. These days, I cannot say what is the last dose since some 4-year-old children may receive up to 17-19 doses in the States in which 4 doses are being given in campaigns.

Are polio vaccines mandatory?

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends all children be fully vaccinated against polio. The two vaccines have eliminated polio from most of the world, and reduced the number of cases reported each year from an estimated 350,000 in 1988 to 33 in 2018. The inactivated polio vaccines are very safe.

Is polio vaccine lifelong?

Booster doses of the vaccine are recommended every 10 years for at-risk adults. If you are travelling overseas, speak to your doctor before you go about whether you need a booster polio immunisation for the countries you are visiting.

Do they still give polio shots?

Australia has been officially polio-free since 2000, and only a few countries in the world still have polio. Polio immunisation is still very important. This is because polio can be brought into Australia by people who travel to countries that have polio.

Do adults need polio booster?

Routine poliovirus vaccination of U.S. adults (i.e., persons aged >18 years) is not necessary. Most adults do not need polio vaccine because they were already vaccinated as children and their risk of exposure to polioviruses in the United States is minimal.