Question: What Are The 14 Major Plates?

What are the smallest plates?

One of the smallest of Earth’s tectonic plates, the Juan de Fuca Plate is a remnant part of the once-vast Farallon Plate, which is now largely subducted underneath the North American Plate..

Why are there tectonic plates?

The driving force behind plate tectonics is convection in the mantle. Hot material near the Earth’s core rises, and colder mantle rock sinks. … At subduction zones, two tectonic plates meet and one slides beneath the other back into the mantle, the layer underneath the crust.

What are the secondary plates?

These plates are the African Plate, the Antarctic Plate, the Eurasian Plate, the Indo-Australian Plate, the North and South American Plates, and the Pacific Plate. … The other six secondary plates are the Caribbean, the Cocos, the Juan de Fuca, the Nazca, the Philippines Sea, and the Scotia.

What is the fastest moving plate?

The Cocos and Nazca plates (in the pacific ocean) are right now the quickest, moving at over 10 cm/yr. However typical plate movements are less quick, at rates about 2-3 cm/yr.

Which do you think is the smallest plate in the world?

Juan de Fuca PlateThe Juan de Fuca Plate is the smallest of earth’s tectonic plates. It is approximately 250,000 square kilometers.

What is the difference between primary and secondary plates?

Primary sources can be described as those sources that are closest to the origin of the information. They contain raw information and thus, must be interpreted by researchers. Secondary sources are closely related to primary sources and often interpret them.

Are continents the same as plates?

In the Theory of Plate Tectonics, it is tectonic plates, rather than continents, which are moving. Tectonic plates are pieces of the lithosphere and crust, which float on the asthenosphere. There are currently seven plates that make up most of the continents and the Pacific Ocean.

What are the major tectonic plates?

There are seven major plates: African, Antarctic, Eurasian, Indo-Australian, North American, Pacific and South American. The Hawaiian Islands were created by the Pacific Plate, which is the world’s largest plate at 39,768,522 square miles.

What are the major and minor tectonic plates?

Most of the Earth is covered by seven major plates and another eight or so minor plates. The seven major plates include the African, Antarctic, Eurasian, North American, South American, India-Australian, and the Pacific plates. Some of the minor plates include the Arabian, Caribbean, Nazca, and Scotia plates.

How heavy is a tectonic plate?

The thickness of tectonic plates in general varies roughly in the range 100-200 km depending upon whether we are talking about oceanic or continental lithosphere; let’s call it 150 km or 1.5× 105 m. The density of lithospheric material varies in the range 2700-2900 kg m-3; we’ll use 2800 kg m-3.

How fast do tectonic plates move?

They move at a rate of one to two inches (three to five centimeters) per year.

What causes the plates to move?

The plates can be thought of like pieces of a cracked shell that rest on the hot, molten rock of Earth’s mantle and fit snugly against one another. The heat from radioactive processes within the planet’s interior causes the plates to move, sometimes toward and sometimes away from each other.

What is the evidence of plate tectonics?

There is variety of evidence that supports the claims that plate tectonics accounts for (1) the distribution of fossils on different continents, (2) the occurrence of earthquakes, and (3) continental and ocean floor features including mountains, volcanoes, faults, and trenches.

What are the 13 major plates of the world?

MicroplatesAfrican Plate. Lwandle Plate – A mainly oceanic tectonic microplate off the southeast coast of Africa. … Antarctic Plate. Kerguelen Plateau – Oceanic plateau in the southern Indian Ocean. … Australian Plate. … Caribbean Plate. … Cocos Plate. … Eurasian Plate. … Nazca Plate. … North American Plate.More items…

What are the 12 major plates?

Primary platesAfrican plate.Antarctic plate.Indo-Australian plate.North American plate.Pacific plate.South American plate.Eurasian plate.