Quick Answer: Is A Comminuted Fracture Considered Traumatic?

What would cause a comminuted fracture?

Comminuted fracture is characterized by the breaking of a bone into several small pieces and is the result of high velocity injuries, such as car accidents, falls from a height, or high-energy injuries with tissue loss caused by fragments from explosive devices on the battlefields..

Does a comminuted fracture need surgery?

In many cases, people with comminuted fractures need surgery to help restructure the bone pieces so that they heal properly. Doctors may use screws, wires, pins, or metal plates to realign the bone. After the fracture heals, these pieces may be taken out or left in permanently.

What are some symptoms of a comminuted fracture?

Most people who experience a comminuted fracture will have pain, bruising, and swelling. Other symptoms include being unable to move the area or having a limb with an abnormal shape or appearance. Some people hear a snap or crack when the break occurs.

What is a closed comminuted fracture?

If the bone is in many pieces, it is called a comminuted fracture. In a non-displaced fracture, the bone cracks either part or all of the way through, but does move and maintains its proper alignment. A closed fracture is when the bone breaks but there is no puncture or open wound in the skin.

Does a compound fracture have to break the skin?

Bone fractures are usually classified as either simple or compound. Simple (or closed) fractures are when there is no break in the skin and therefore no exposure of the bone outside the body. Compound (or open) fractures are when the bone either punctures the skin or otherwise can be seen outside the body.

Is a comminuted fracture an open fracture?

Comminuted Fracture — where the bone breaks into multiple pieces. Compound Fracture — also known as an open fracture, where the bone protrudes through the skin. Complete Fracture — where the bone breaks cleanly into two or more pieces.

What type of fracture is a comminuted fracture?

A comminuted fracture is when the bone breaks into several pieces. A transverse fracture is when the fracture line is perpendicular to the shaft (long part) of the bone. An oblique fracture is when the break is on an angle through the bone. A pathologic fracture is caused by a disease that weakens the bone.

What is a comminuted fracture?

A comminuted (kah-muh-NOOT-ed) fracture is a type of broken bone. The bone is broken into more than two pieces.

What is a mildly comminuted fracture?

A comminuted fracture is a break or splinter of the bone into more than two fragments. Since considerable force and energy is required to fragment bone, fractures of this degree occur after high-impact trauma such as in vehicular accidents.

Where do most comminuted fractures occur?

There is a range of fracture types, including: Avulsion fracture – a muscle or ligament pulls on the bone, fracturing it. Comminuted fracture – the bone is shattered into many pieces. Compression (crush) fracture – generally occurs in the spongy bone in the spine.

What is a comminuted intertrochanteric fracture?

An intertrochanteric fracture is a specific type of hip fracture. “Intertrochanteric” means “between the trochanters,” which are bony protrusions on the femur (thighbone). They’re the points where the muscles of the thigh and hip attach.

Do comminuted fractures heal?

Healing can take several months in severely comminuted and open tibia fractures (4) (Fig. 39-11), and pin loosening is likely to occur during such long healing times if simple frames are used.

Why is a fracture worse than a break?

A fracture and a break are actually one and the same. “There’s no difference between these two things,” he says. “A fracture means the cracking or breaking of a hard object. One is not worse than the other when it comes to breaking bones.”

Which types of fractures are most difficult to repair?

Example: A comminuted fracture is the most difficult to repair due to the bone having fractured into numerous pieces. Multiple bone pieces require more effort to hold them together in the ideal position for healing.

How serious is a compound fracture?

A ‘compound’ or ‘open’ fracture refers to a break in the bone with a laceration in the overlying skin, leaving the fracture fragments open to the outside environment. This is a very serious injury with potential long term consequences if not treated appropriately.