Quick Answer: Was Dropping The Atomic Bomb Justified?

What were the alternatives to dropping the atomic bomb?

“It is an awful responsibility that has come to us,” the president wrote.

President Truman had four options: 1) continue conventional bombing of Japanese cities; 2) invade Japan; 3) demonstrate the bomb on an unpopulated island; or, 4) drop the bomb on an inhabited Japanese city..

Was there a third atomic bomb ready to be dropped?

On August 13, 1945—four days after the bombing of Nagasaki—two military officials had a phone conversation about how many more bombs to detonate over Japan and when. According to the declassified conversation, there was a third bomb set to be dropped on August 19th.

Why did we bomb Japan twice?

The explicit reason was to swiftly end the war with Japan. … Ever since America dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945, the question has persisted: Was that magnitude of death and destruction really needed to end World War II? American leadership apparently thought so.

What were the main arguments for and against dropping the atomic bomb on Japan?

Supporters of the bombings generally believe that they prevented an invasion of the Japanese mainland, saving more lives than they took by doing so. Opponents contend, among other arguments, that the bombings were unnecessary to win the war or that they constituted a war crime or genocide.

Was US justified in bombing Japan?

In the final days of the Second World War, on Aug. 6 and 9, 1945, the U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Despite U.S. claims to the contrary, these actions were neither justified nor decisive in Japan’s surrender. … The First World War, “the war to end all wars” ended in 1918.

How did the US justify dropping the atomic bomb?

In the end, he made the decision to drop the atomic bombs on strategic cities. His stated intention in ordering the bombings was to save American lives, to bring about a quick resolution of the war by inflicting destruction, and instilling fear of further destruction, sufficient to cause Japan to surrender.

Why the bomb was needed or justified?

The development of the bomb cost billions of dollars, and American leaders wanted to justify the expense. They wanted to demonstrate to the Japanese that they faced overwhelmingly superior forces. They also wanted their new rivals, the Soviet Union, to see their powerful new weapon in action.

Why did they bomb Hiroshima and not Tokyo?

The U.S. likely did not target Tokyo for the atomic bomb strikes as it was the seat of the Emperor and the location of much of the high ranking military officers. … The U.S. decided to drop the bombs onto military industrial targets and centers that had significant military utility such as ports and airfields.

What would have happened without the atomic bomb?

The result would lead to many more casualties for both the Allies and Japan, possibly even surpassing the over 200,000 civilians who perished from the bombs. Eventually, after more years of fighting, the war, in all likelihood, would have still ended in the Allies’ favor, but not without further losses.

What stopped ww2?

World War 2 ended with the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers. On 8 May 1945, the Allies accepted Germany’s surrender, about a week after Adolf Hitler had committed suicide. VE Day – Victory in Europe celebrates the end of the Second World War on 8 May 1945.

What if Japan didn’t surrender?

LONDON — American military archives reveal that if the Japanese had not surrendered on August 15, 1945, they would have been hit by a third and potentially more powerful atomic bomb just a few days later and then, eventually, an additional barrage of up to 12 further nuclear attacks.

Did Japan deserve the nukes?

Gynne. No, the Japanese did not deserve what they got in the end. The Japanese who died due to the atomic bomb attacks were civilians and completely innocent, yet they had to pay with their lives due to the cruelty of their emperor.

Why did President Truman feel he had no choice but to drop the atomic bombs?

Why did President Truman feel he had no choice but to drop the atomic bombs? He feared that Japan would mount a fresh attack on US forces. He felt that without the bomb a costly invasion would be necessary.

Did Japanese soldiers never surrender?

A Japanese soldier who refused to surrender after World War Two ended and spent 29 years in the jungle has died aged 91 in Tokyo. Hiroo Onoda remained in the jungle on Lubang Island near Luzon, in the Philippines, until 1974 because he did not believe that the war had ended.

Why did we drop the atomic bomb?

President Harry S. Truman, warned by some of his advisers that any attempt to invade Japan would result in horrific American casualties, ordered that the new weapon be used to bring the war to a speedy end. On August 6, 1945, the American bomber Enola Gay dropped a five-ton bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima.

Why was Hiroshima chosen?

Hiroshima was chosen because it had not been targeted during the US Air Force’s conventional bombing raids on Japan, and was therefore regarded as being a suitable place to test the effects of an atomic bomb. It was also an important military base.

Why did Japanese soldiers not surrender?

Kamikaze. It was a war without mercy, and the US Office of War Information acknowledged as much in 1945. It noted that the unwillingness of Allied troops to take prisoners in the Pacific theatre had made it difficult for Japanese soldiers to surrender.

Did scientists know the effects of the atomic bomb?

To estimate survivors’ exposure, U.S. scientists measured radiation inside and outside Japanese style houses during atomic bomb tests in the Nevada Desert in the 1950s. RERF hasn’t yet seen any evidence of radiation-linked health effects in a study of 77,000 children of survivors.