Quick Answer: What Is The Most Common Salter Harris Fracture?

What is the Salter Harris classification?

Salter-Harris FracturesSalter-Harris Fracture ClassificationDescriptionType Ifracture through the physeal plate (often not detected radiographically)Type IIfracture through the metaphysis and physis (most common; up to 75% of all physeal fractures)Type IIIfracture through the epiphysis and physis3 more rows.

What is a Salter Harris fracture?

Salter-Harris fractures (physeal fractures) refer to fractures through a growth plate (physis) and are therefore specifically applied to bone fractures in children.

How long does it take to recover from a fractured growth plate?

If your child has a minor, non-displaced fracture, the doctor may treat it like a sprain, and suggest a splint, cast, or walking boot to protect the area for four to six weeks. Usually, these types of fractures do not require long-term care.

What does Salter stand for?

Salter–Harris fractureSalter–Harris fracturesOther namesGrowth plate fractureAn X-ray of the left ankle showing a Salter–Harris type III fracture of medial malleolus. Black arrow demonstrates fracture line while the white arrow marks the growth plate.SpecialtyOrthopedic surgery1 more row

What happens if you fracture a growth plate?

Growth plate fracture If a fracture goes through a growth plate, it can result in a shorter or crooked limb. A growth plate fracture affects the layer of growing tissue near the ends of a child’s bones.

What is a Salter?

noun. a person who makes or sells salt. a person who salts meat, fish, etc.

How do you treat a Salter Harris fracture?

Frequently, Salter-Harris fractures can be reduced manually. For severe fractures, a procedure called an open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) may be required in which open surgery is performed to correct the bone position. Pinning and screws can help secure the bone fragments in place.

Where do Salter Harris fractures occur?

Salter-Harris fractures can occur in any long bone, from fingers and toes, to arm and leg bones. A child’s bone growth occurs mainly in the growth plates. When children are fully grown, these areas harden into solid bone.

What is a Type 2 fracture?

Fracture = A break in a bone. A type II odontoid fracture is a break that occurs through a specific part of C2, the second bone in the neck. Bones of the spine are called vertebrae. The bone involved in odontoid fracture is the second vertebra, C2, high up in the neck.

What are the 4 types of fractures?

Types of FracturesGreenstick – Incomplete fracture. … Transverse – The break is in a straight line across the bone.Spiral – The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.Oblique – Diagonal break across the bone.Compression – The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.More items…

What is a Type 3 Odontoid fracture?

A type III odontoid fracture is a fracture through the body of the C2 vertebrae and may involve a variable portion of the C1 and C2 facets. Type III odontoid fractures occur secondary to hyperextension or hyperflexion of the cervical spine in a similar manner to type II odontoid fractures.

What is open fracture type I or II?

They categorized open injuries into the familiar three categories, based on wound size, level of contamination, and osseous injury, as follows: Type I = an open fracture with a wound less than 1 cm long and clean; Type II = an open fracture with a laceration greater than 1 cm long without extensive soft tissue damage, …